Children with language and learning difficulties will need extra support in developing vocabulary. However, all children will benefit from opportunities to pre-teach vocabulary before being exposed to it as part of a lesson.
Children with difficulties acquiring vocabulary will benefit from activities that explore the semantic links and phonological structure of each new word.
Children experiencing difficulties will need to revisit the vocabulary many times in order for it to be acquired securely. Where possible the following should be organised:
Daily vocabulary sessions lasting about ten minutes. If this is hard to achieve at least three times a week.
Limit the number of words being taught. Some where between 3 and 6 words is probably a good starting point but for some children this may be just one word!
Avoid other lists of words for the child to learn at the same time. For example weekly spellings.
Vary the strategies being used to teach and reinforce vocabulary. Children should have opportunities for kinesthetic learning as well as visual and aural.
Use games and make learning fun.
Make use of ICT. Investigate programs that enable children to work independently or with minimal support and are very good for motivation.