Dyslexia Management

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Dyslexia Management in Schools

Introduction

The nature of the support required will depend on the specific nature of the difficulties experienced by the dyslexic child. For example, a child with poor sight vocabulary can be helped by regular opportunities to do activities which help them to learn high frequency words: matching pairs; Precision Teaching; specialist software like WordShark; mnemonics; word webs; loci method etc.

It is therefore important to carefully assess the exact difficulties of the child so that gaps in their knowledge, abilities and skills can be mapped out. Completing a Pupil Learning Profile (see assessment resources) can help to identify the student's needs so that effective interventions and support can be put in to place.

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Schools can generally support dyslexia by:

Pre-teaching vocabulary particularly subject-based technical vocabulary

Always using san serif fonts when making up learning resources. Some dyslexic individuals benefit from use of weighted fonts. These are fonts specially designed for dyslexics which are heavier at the bottom of each character to help anchor them and make them easier to read. e.g. open dyslexic font

Consistently providing task boards to scaffold learning and support weak work memory

Using multi-sensory approaches - reinforce learning by giving opportunities for the student to 'see, hear and do' the concept being explored

Providing access to audio books - these can be particularly effective when accompanying the written text

Use of information and communication technology (ICT) to provide additional visual and/or audio support

Use of ICT as alternative to writing

Differentiate homework tasks to reduce reading and writing

Non-linear writing e.g. mind mapping to explore concepts more visually and to demonstrate connections between components

Scaffolding writing tasks by providing writing frames to structure and reinforce the specific elements required in the task. Examples available on the writing resources page.

Use of reward systems to motivate and boost self-esteem

Revisiting learning concepts within 24 hours to help the anchoring of memories. See page on memory and learning.

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You may also find the following pages useful:

Assessment Resources

Vocabulary Resources

Weak Working Memory Strategies

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